"Angels and Demons in Cromwellian and Restoration Ireland: Heresy and the Supernatural"

Crawford Gribben

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2 Citations (Scopus)
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This essay explores accounts of supernatural activity in Cromwellian and Restoration Ireland. Religious life in Cromwellian Ireland was driven by expectations of the unusual—including audible voices from heaven, material encounters with angels, and spiritual encounters with demons. Some conservative Protestants linked this activity to the development and dissemination of heretical belief, while some who had such encounters were confident that it was compatible with the Cromwellian religious mainstream. Crawford Gribben explores the flexibility in the discourse of the marvelous in Ireland and the ways in which the administration contributed to it, and the alignment of the supernatural with various confessional convictions and postures, as well as theological radicalism. After the Restoration, accounts of supernatural encounters were remembered as ghost stories, not as matters for theological debate, a cultural transition linked to the development of a historiography that has continued to invest the Irish Cromwellian past with Gothic tropes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)377-392
Number of pages16
JournalHuntington Library Quarterly
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2013

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • History
  • Literature and Literary Theory
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts


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