Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice

F.P.M. O'Harte, K. Hunter, V.A. Gault, N. Irwin, Brian Green, Brett Greer, Patrick Harriott, C.J. Bailey, P.R. Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)E1674-E1682
Number of pages9
JournalAMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM
Volume292
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2007

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Insulin
Glucose
Acylation
Fibroblasts
Medical problems
Bioactivity
Hypoglycemic Agents
Insulin Resistance
Fatty Acids
Obesity
Plasmas
Peptides
Injections
Enzymes
gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor
Therapeutics
Pro(3)-glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide

Cite this

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title = "Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice",
abstract = "This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.",
author = "F.P.M. O'Harte and K. Hunter and V.A. Gault and N. Irwin and Brian Green and Brett Greer and Patrick Harriott and C.J. Bailey and P.R. Flatt",
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Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice. / O'Harte, F.P.M.; Hunter, K.; Gault, V.A.; Irwin, N.; Green, Brian; Greer, Brett; Harriott, Patrick; Bailey, C.J.; Flatt, P.R.

In: AMERICAN JOURNAL OF PHYSIOLOGY-ENDOCRINOLOGY AND METABOLISM, Vol. 292, No. 6, 06.2007, p. E1674-E1682.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Antagonistic effects of two novel GIP analogs, (Hyp(3))GIP and (Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL, on the biological actions of GIP and longer-term effects in diabetic ob/ob mice

AU - O'Harte, F.P.M.

AU - Hunter, K.

AU - Gault, V.A.

AU - Irwin, N.

AU - Green, Brian

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - Bailey, C.J.

AU - Flatt, P.R.

PY - 2007/6

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N2 - This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.

AB - This study examines the actions of the novel enzyme- resistant, NH2- terminally modified GIP analog ( Hyp(3)) GIP and its fatty acid- derivatized analog ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL. Acute effects are compared with the established GIP receptor antagonist ( Pro(3)) GIP. All three peptides exhibited DPP IV resistance, and significantly inhibited GIP stimulated cAMP formation and insulin secretion in GIP receptor- transfected fibroblasts and in clonal pancreatic BRIN- BD11 cells, respectively. Likewise, in obese diabetic ob/ob mice, intraperitoneal administration of GIP analogs significantly inhibited the acute antihyperglycemic and insulinreleasing effects of native GIP. Administration of once daily injections of ( Hyp(3)) GIP or ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL for 14 days resulted in significantly lower plasma glucose levels ( P <0.05) after ( Hyp3) GIP on days 12 and 14 and enhanced glucose tolerance ( P <0.05) and insulin sensitivity ( P <0.05 to P <0.001) in both groups by day 14. Both ( Hyp(3)) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL treatment also reduced pancreatic insulin ( P <0.05 to P <0.01) without affecting islet number. These data indicate that ( Hyp3) GIP and ( Hyp(3)) GIPLys(16)PAL function as GIP receptor antagonists with potential for ameliorating obesity- related diabetes. Acylation of ( Hyp(3)) GIP to extend bioactivity does not appear to be of any additional benefit.

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DO - 10.1152/ajpendo.00391.2006

M3 - Article

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JO - American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Endocrinology and Metabolism

SN - 0193-1849

IS - 6

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