Anti-sized reed bed system for animal wastewater treatment: a comparative study

Yaqian Zhao, Guangzhi Sun, Stephen Allen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

80 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents a comparative study on the treatment of high-strength animal wastewater in two parallel lab-scale constructed reed bed systems, progressively-sized system and anti-sized system, which have same configuration but different arrangement of bed media. The reed bed systems were operated in a tidal flow pattern to treat diluted pig slurry. Detailed analyses were carried out for the removal of some key pollutants including COD, BOD5, NH4-N, P and suspended solids. The results showed that both systems have considerable capacity for the removal of solids, organic matter and inorganic nutrients. The formation of biofilms on the surfaces of gravel media in both reed bed systems was monitored by scanning selected gravel samples using scanning electron microscopy. In general, no significant difference was detected with regard to the percentage pollutant removal in the systems. However, the anti-sized system demonstrated a clear advantage in its ability to slow down the clogging of bed media and avoid the impairment of long-term functioning and sustainability of the beds. A conceptual model was developed to predict the occurrence of the clogging. The validity of the model was tested using data from this study and from the literatures.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2907-2917
Number of pages11
JournalWater Research
Volume38 (12)
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth-Surface Processes


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