Antimicrobial Efficacy of an Innovative Emulsion of Medium Chain Triglycerides against Canine and Feline Periodontopathogens

G. Laverty, B. F. Gilmore, D. S. Jones, L. Coyle, M. Folan, R. Breathnach

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)
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OBJECTIVES: To test the in vitro antimicrobial efficacy of a non-toxic emulsion of free fatty acids against clinically relevant canine and feline periodontopathogens 
METHODS: Antimicrobial kill kinetics were established utilising an alamarBlue® viability assay against 10 species of canine and feline periodontopathogens in the biofilm mode of growth at a concentration of 0·125% v/v medium chain triglyceride (ML:8) emulsion. The results were compared with 0·12% v/v chlorhexidine digluconate and a xylitol-containing dental formulation. Mammalian cellular cytotoxicity was also investigated for both the ML:8 emulsion and chlorhexidine digluconate (0·25 to 0·0625% v/v) using in vitro tissue culture techniques.
RESULTS: No statistically significant difference was observed in the antimicrobial activity of the ML:8 emulsion and chlorhexidine digluconate; a high percentage kill rate (>70%) was achieved within 5 minutes of exposure and was maintained at subsequent time points. A statistically significant improvement in antibiofilm activity was observed with the ML:8 emulsion compared with the xylitol-containing formulation. The ML:8 emulsion possessed a significantly lower (P<0·001) toxicity profile compared with the chlorhexidine digluconate in mammalian cellular cytotoxicity assays.
CLINICAL SIGNIFICANCE: The ML:8 emulsion exhibited significant potential as a putative effective antimi-crobial alternative to chlorhexidine- and xylitol- based products for the reduction of canine and feline periodontopathogens.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)253-263
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Small Animal Practice
Issue number4
Early online date28 Feb 2015
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2015


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