Appearances and Phenomena

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter (peer-reviewed)peer-review


Both metaphor and representation involve relational engagements between two conditions; the interest here is the imaginative stretch between these two conditions. Stretch meaning both reach and gap, a lacuna where phenomena surface such that they can be viewed. The figure is the instrument of discovery and knowledge, through our presence real or imagined or through the simulated presence of others or indeed other figures, correspondences direct or vicarious. George Moore painted his Views of Westport House in 1761, some twenty-one years before the Montgolfier brothers’ hot air balloon facilitated aerial viewing. Moore’s views reveal an unseen landscape, a phenomenon, predicated on the figural agency of the House. His two views negotiate between figure and ground, aspect and prospect, front and back, far and near, presence and absence, with viewer and object in correspondence and presaging later work, notably Casper David Friedrich’s Wanderer above a Sea of Fog and Gerhard Richter’s Betty. The spatial sensibility in Flann O’Brien’s The Third Policeman is similar, grounded in picture making, figural agency, and the phenomena of appearances. Frank Stella wrote that “the aim of art was to create space, space in which the subjects of painting can live” . That presence and hence figuration spans media and disciplines confirms that existence is spatial, the vital correspondence.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationAR / Architecture Research
Subtitle of host publicationCorrespondences
EditorsRobert McCarter
Place of PublicationLjubljiana
PublisherUniversity of Ljubljana
Number of pages26
ISBN (Electronic) ISSN 1581-6974
Publication statusPublished - 18 Dec 2019

Publication series

NameAR / Architecture Research
PublisherUniversity of Ljubljana Faculty of Architecture
ISSN (Electronic)1581-6974


  • Appearances
  • Phenomena
  • Spatiality
  • Representation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Architecture
  • Visual Arts and Performing Arts
  • Literature and Literary Theory


Dive into the research topics of 'Appearances and Phenomena'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this