Application of Geophysical Techniques in Identifying Illegally Buried Toxic Waste

Alastair Ruffell, Bernd Kulessa

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


Ground-penetrating radar (GPR) is a rapid geophysical technique that we have used to assess four illegally buried waste locations in Northern Ireland. GPR allowed informed positioning of the less-rapid, if more accurate use of electrical resistivity imaging (ERI). In conductive waste, GPR signal loss can be used to map the areal extent of waste, allowing ERI survey lines to be positioned. In less conductive waste the geometry of the burial can be ascertained from GPR alone, allowing rapid assessment. In both circumstances, the conjunctive use of GPR and ERI is considered best practice for cross-validation of results and enhancing data interpretation.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)196-207
Number of pages12
JournalEnvironmental Forensics
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2009

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law
  • Waste Management and Disposal

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