Application of low temperature plasmas for restoration/conservation of archaeological objects

F. Krma*, L. Blahová, P. Fojtíková, W. G. Graham, H. Grossmannová, L. Hlochová, J. Horák, D. Janová, C. P. Kelsey, Z. Kozáková, V. Mazánková, M. Procházka, R. Pikryl, L. Řádková, V. Sázavská, M. Vašíček, R. Veverková, M. Zmrzlý

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

The low-temperature low-pressure hydrogen based plasmas were used to study the influence of processes and discharge conditions on corrosion removal. The capacitive coupled RF discharge in the continuous or pulsed regime was used at operating pressure of 100-200 Pa. Plasma treatment was monitored by optical emission spectroscopy. To be able to study influence of various process parameters, the model corroded samples with and without sandy incrustation were prepared. The SEM-EDX analyzes were carried out to verify corrosion removal efficiency. Experimental conditions were optimized for the selected most frequent materials of original metallic archaeological objects (iron, bronze, copper, and brass). Chlorides removal is based on hydrogen ion reactions while oxides are removed mainly by neutral species interactions. A special focus was kept for the samples temperature because it was necessary to avoid any metallographic changes in the material structure. The application of higher power pulsed regime with low duty cycle seems be the best treatment regime. The low pressure hydrogen plasma is not applicable for objects with a very broken structure or for nonmetallic objects due to the non-uniform heat stress. Due to this fact, the new developed plasmas generated in liquids were applied on selected original archaeological glass materials.

Original languageEnglish
Article number012012
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Physics: Conference Series
Volume565
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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    Krma, F., Blahová, L., Fojtíková, P., Graham, W. G., Grossmannová, H., Hlochová, L., Horák, J., Janová, D., Kelsey, C. P., Kozáková, Z., Mazánková, V., Procházka, M., Pikryl, R., Řádková, L., Sázavská, V., Vašíček, M., Veverková, R., & Zmrzlý, M. (2014). Application of low temperature plasmas for restoration/conservation of archaeological objects. Journal of Physics: Conference Series, 565(1), [012012]. https://doi.org/10.1088/1742-6596/565/1/012012