Principal components analysis (PCA) followed by linear discriminant analysis (LDA) of the nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) spectra from 98 instant spray-dried coffees, obtained from 3 different producers, correctly attributed 99% of the samples to their manufacturer. Blind testing of the PCA model with a further 36 samples of instant coffee resulted in a 100% success rate in identifying the samples from the 3 manufacturers. Coffees from one manufacturer were also assigned into 2 groups using these techniques, and the compound 5-(hydroxymethyl)-2-furaldehyde was identified as the primary marker of differentiation.
- Quality assurance
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Agricultural and Biological Sciences(all)