Application Of the Michaelis-Arbuzov Reaction to the Synthesis Of Internucleoside 3'-S-Phosphorothiolate Linkages

X. Li, G.K. Scott, A.D. Baxter, Joseph Vyle, R.J. Taylor, R. Cosstick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The 5'-O-monomethoxytrityl-3'-S-(aryldisulfanyl)-3'-deoxythymidines 7 and 8 have been prepared by the reaction of 5'-O-monomethoxytrityl-3'-thiothymidine with the appropriate arenesulfenyl chloride. These disulfides undergo a Michaelis–Arbusov reaction with simple trialkyl phosphites to yield 5'-O-monomethoxytrityl-3'-thiothymidin-3'-yl O,O-dialkyl phosphorothiolates. More interestingly, 3'-deoxy-3'-S-(2, 4-dinitrophenylsulfanyl)-5'-O-monomethoxytritylthymidine 8 reacts with a variety of thymidin-5'-yl dialkyl phosphites to give dithymidine phosphorothiolate triesters with the phosphorothiolate group protected with either a methyl or a 2-cyanoethyl group. 3'-O-(tert-Butyldimethylsilyl)thymidin-5'-yl triethylammoniumphosphonate 17 is converted into the corresponding bis-(O-trimethylsilyl) phosphite by treatment with bis(trimethylsilyl)trifluoroacetamide. in situ Reaction of this phosphate with disulfide 8 gives, after work-up, the dithymidine phosphorothiolate diester directly. Methylation of compound 17 with methyl chloromethanoate, followed by silylation and subsequent reaction with disulfide 8, gives the methyl-protected dithymidine phosphorothiolate triester.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)2123-2129
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the Chemical Society - Perkin Transactions 1
Volume(15)
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Aug 1994

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