Are twitches, startles, and body movements pain indicators in extremely low birth weight infants?

R E Grunau, L Holsti, M F Whitfield, E Ling

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

73 Citations (Scopus)


The goal of this study was to examine whether body activity such as postural, trunk, and limb movements may be potential pain cues in preterm infants.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-45
Number of pages9
JournalThe Clinical journal of pain
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2000


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