Intertwining planar spirals arranged in doubly periodic arrays enables a substantially subwavelength response of the unit cell smaller than 1/40 of wavelength with large fractional bandwidths. These properties are important for application at low frequencies, conformal curved surfaces, or with compact radiators. It is shown that interleaving counter-wound spiral arms extended into adjacent unit cells dramatically increase the array equivalent capacitance while reducing the inductance. A coplanar waveguide (CPW) model has been developed to analytically estimate the equivalent capacitance and inductance of intertwined spiral array elements in terms of their geometrical parameters. The proposed CPW model is shown to provide an accurate prediction of the fundamental resonance frequency and can be instrumental in the design of the arrays for a specified frequency response.
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jan 2012|