Assessing 1D Loss Models for the Off-Design Performance Prediction of Automotive Turbocharger Compressors

Peter Harley, Stephen Spence, Dietmar Filsinger, Michael Dietrich, Juliana Early

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

9 Citations (Scopus)


Single-Zone modelling is used to assess three 1D impeller loss model collections. An automotive turbocharger centrifugal compressor is used for evaluation. The individual 1D losses are presented relative to each other at three tip speeds to provide a visual description of each author’s perception of the relative importance of each loss. The losses are compared with their resulting prediction of pressure ratio and efficiency, which is further compared with test data; upon comparison, a combination of the 1D loss collections is identified as providing the best performance prediction. 3D CFD simulations have also been carried out for the same geometry using a single passage model. A method of extracting 1D losses from CFD is described and utilised to draw further comparisons with the 1D losses. A 1D scroll volute model has been added to the single passage CFD results; good agreement with the test data is achieved. Short-comings in the existing 1D loss models are identified as a result of the comparisons with 3D CFD losses. Further comparisons are drawn between the predicted 1D data, 3D CFD simulation results, and the test data using a nondimensional method to highlight where the current errors exist in the 1D prediction.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of ASME Turbo Expo 2013: Turbine Technical Conference and Exposition
PublisherThe American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME)
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)978-0-7918-5524-9
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2013


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