Assessment of a multiplexing high throughput immunochemical SPR biosensor in measuring multiple proteins on a single biosensor chip

T.F. McGrath, J. Buijs, A.C. Huet, P. Delahaut, C.T. Elliott, M.H. Mooney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Multiplexed immunochemical detection platforms offer the potential to decrease labour demands, increase sample throughput and decrease overall time to result. A prototype four channel multiplexed high throughput surface plasmon resonance biosensor was previously developed, for the detection of food related contaminants. A study focused on determining the instruments performance characteristics was undertaken. This was followed by the development of a multiplexed assay for four high molecular weight proteins. The protein levels were simultaneously evaluated in serum samples of 10-week-old veal calves (n = 24) using multiple sample preparation methods. Each of the biosensor's four channels were shown to be independent of one another and produced multiplexed within run repeatability (n = 6) ranging from 2.0 to 6.7%CV, for the four tested proteins, whilst between run reproducibility (n = 4) ranged from 1.5 to 8.9%CV. Four calibration curves were successfully constructed before serum sample preparation was optimised for each protein. Multiplexed concentration analysis was successfully performed on four channels revealing that each proteins concentration was consistent across the twenty-four tested animals. Signal reproducibility (n > 19) on a further long term study revealed coefficient of variation ranging from 1.1% to 7.3% and showed that the multiplexed assay was stable for at least 480 cycles. These findings indicate that the performance characteristics fall within the range of previously published data for singleplex optical biosensors and that the multiplexing biosensor is fit-for-purpose for simultaneous concentration analysis in many different types of applications such as the multiplexed detection of markers of growth-promoter abuse and multiplexed detection of residues of concern in food safety.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)423-430
JournalSensors and Actuators B: Chemical
Publication statusPublished - 01 Sep 2013


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