Association of soluble ST2 with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in renal transplant recipients: a single-centre cohort study.

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Abstract

Background
Soluble ST2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis with an established role in prognostication of patients with heart failure. Its role in cardiovascular risk prediction for renal transplant recipients has not been investigated despite promising results for ST2 in other populations with renal disease.

Methods
In this prospective cohort study, 367 renal transplant recipients were followed up for a median of 16.2 years to investigate the association of soluble ST2 concentration with all-cause mortality. Cardiovascular mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events were secondary outcomes. Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for ST2 before and after adjustments. ST2 concentration was analysed both as a continuous variable and following categorisation according to the recommended cut-point of 35 ng/ml.

Results
A twofold higher ST2 concentration was associated with a 36% increased risk of all-cause mortality after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (adjusted hazard ratio 1.36; 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.75; p = 0.016). Associations with ST2 concentration were similar for cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio 1.31; 95% confidence interval 1.00–1.73; p = 0.054), but were stronger for cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.61; 95% confidence interval 1.07–2.41; p = 0.022). Addition of ST2 to risk prediction models for mortality and cardiovascular events failed to improve their predictive accuracy.

Conclusions
ST2 is associated with, but does not improve prediction of, adverse outcomes in renal transplant recipients.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages10
JournalBMC Nephrology
Volume21
Issue number22
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Jan 2020

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Cohort Studies
Kidney
Mortality
Confidence Intervals
Cardiovascular Models
Proportional Hazards Models
C-Reactive Protein
Fibrosis
Heart Failure
Biomarkers
Transplant Recipients
Prospective Studies
Population

Keywords

  • Renal transplantation
  • Cardiovascular Disease Risk
  • Biomarkers
  • Mortality

Cite this

@article{faaed00646b44459809438abda1a39a3,
title = "Association of soluble ST2 with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in renal transplant recipients: a single-centre cohort study.",
abstract = "BackgroundSoluble ST2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis with an established role in prognostication of patients with heart failure. Its role in cardiovascular risk prediction for renal transplant recipients has not been investigated despite promising results for ST2 in other populations with renal disease.MethodsIn this prospective cohort study, 367 renal transplant recipients were followed up for a median of 16.2 years to investigate the association of soluble ST2 concentration with all-cause mortality. Cardiovascular mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events were secondary outcomes. Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95{\%} confidence intervals for ST2 before and after adjustments. ST2 concentration was analysed both as a continuous variable and following categorisation according to the recommended cut-point of 35 ng/ml.ResultsA twofold higher ST2 concentration was associated with a 36{\%} increased risk of all-cause mortality after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (adjusted hazard ratio 1.36; 95{\%} confidence interval 1.06–1.75; p = 0.016). Associations with ST2 concentration were similar for cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio 1.31; 95{\%} confidence interval 1.00–1.73; p = 0.054), but were stronger for cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.61; 95{\%} confidence interval 1.07–2.41; p = 0.022). Addition of ST2 to risk prediction models for mortality and cardiovascular events failed to improve their predictive accuracy.ConclusionsST2 is associated with, but does not improve prediction of, adverse outcomes in renal transplant recipients.",
keywords = "Renal transplantation, Cardiovascular Disease Risk, Biomarkers, Mortality",
author = "Peter Maxwell and Christopher Cardwell and Paul Devine",
year = "2020",
month = "1",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1186/s12882-020-1690-6",
language = "English",
volume = "21",
journal = "BMC Nephrology",
issn = "1471-2369",
publisher = "BioMed Central",
number = "22",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Association of soluble ST2 with all-cause and cardiovascular mortality in renal transplant recipients: a single-centre cohort study.

AU - Maxwell, Peter

AU - Cardwell, Christopher

AU - Devine, Paul

PY - 2020/1/28

Y1 - 2020/1/28

N2 - BackgroundSoluble ST2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis with an established role in prognostication of patients with heart failure. Its role in cardiovascular risk prediction for renal transplant recipients has not been investigated despite promising results for ST2 in other populations with renal disease.MethodsIn this prospective cohort study, 367 renal transplant recipients were followed up for a median of 16.2 years to investigate the association of soluble ST2 concentration with all-cause mortality. Cardiovascular mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events were secondary outcomes. Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for ST2 before and after adjustments. ST2 concentration was analysed both as a continuous variable and following categorisation according to the recommended cut-point of 35 ng/ml.ResultsA twofold higher ST2 concentration was associated with a 36% increased risk of all-cause mortality after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (adjusted hazard ratio 1.36; 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.75; p = 0.016). Associations with ST2 concentration were similar for cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio 1.31; 95% confidence interval 1.00–1.73; p = 0.054), but were stronger for cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.61; 95% confidence interval 1.07–2.41; p = 0.022). Addition of ST2 to risk prediction models for mortality and cardiovascular events failed to improve their predictive accuracy.ConclusionsST2 is associated with, but does not improve prediction of, adverse outcomes in renal transplant recipients.

AB - BackgroundSoluble ST2 is a novel biomarker of myocardial fibrosis with an established role in prognostication of patients with heart failure. Its role in cardiovascular risk prediction for renal transplant recipients has not been investigated despite promising results for ST2 in other populations with renal disease.MethodsIn this prospective cohort study, 367 renal transplant recipients were followed up for a median of 16.2 years to investigate the association of soluble ST2 concentration with all-cause mortality. Cardiovascular mortality and major adverse cardiovascular events were secondary outcomes. Cox regression models were used to calculate hazard ratios and 95% confidence intervals for ST2 before and after adjustments. ST2 concentration was analysed both as a continuous variable and following categorisation according to the recommended cut-point of 35 ng/ml.ResultsA twofold higher ST2 concentration was associated with a 36% increased risk of all-cause mortality after adjustment for conventional cardiovascular risk factors and high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (adjusted hazard ratio 1.36; 95% confidence interval 1.06–1.75; p = 0.016). Associations with ST2 concentration were similar for cardiovascular events (adjusted hazard ratio 1.31; 95% confidence interval 1.00–1.73; p = 0.054), but were stronger for cardiovascular mortality (adjusted hazard ratio 1.61; 95% confidence interval 1.07–2.41; p = 0.022). Addition of ST2 to risk prediction models for mortality and cardiovascular events failed to improve their predictive accuracy.ConclusionsST2 is associated with, but does not improve prediction of, adverse outcomes in renal transplant recipients.

KW - Renal transplantation

KW - Cardiovascular Disease Risk

KW - Biomarkers

KW - Mortality

U2 - 10.1186/s12882-020-1690-6

DO - 10.1186/s12882-020-1690-6

M3 - Article

VL - 21

JO - BMC Nephrology

JF - BMC Nephrology

SN - 1471-2369

IS - 22

ER -