Asymmetric Electric Field Screening in van der Waals Heterostructures

Lu Hua Li, Tian Tian, Qiran Cai, Chih-Jen Shih, Elton J.G. Santos

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)
270 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

A long-standing challenge facing the combination of two-dimensional crystals into heterojunction is the unknown effect of mixing layer of different electronic properties (semiconductors, metals, insulators) on the screening features of the fabricated device platforms including their functionality. Here we use a compelling set of theoretical and experimental techniques to elucidate the intrinsic dielectric screening properties of heterostructures formed by MoS2 and graphene layers. We experimentally observed an asymmetric field screening effect relative to the polarization of the applied gate bias into the surface. Surprisingly, such behavior allows selection of the electronic states that screen external fields, and it can be enhanced with increasing of the number of layers of the semiconducting MoS2 rather than the semi-metal. This work not only provides unique insights on the screening properties of a vast amount of heterojunction fabricated so far, but also uncovers the great potential of controlling a fundamental property for device applications.
Original languageEnglish
Article number1271
Number of pages11
JournalNature Communications
Volume9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 28 Mar 2018

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