Automotive waste heat recovery: Working fluid selection and related boundary conditions

S. Glover, R. Douglas, L. Glover, G. McCullough, S. McKenna

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

13 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the rational for the selection of fluids for use in a model based study of sub and supercritical Waste Heat Recovery (WHR) Organic Rankine Cycle (ORC). The study focuses on multiple vehicle heat sources and the potential of WHR ORC’s for its conversion into useful work. The work presented on fluid selection is generally applicable to any waste heat recovery system, either stationary or mobile and, with careful consideration, is also applicable to single heat sources. The fluid selection process presented reduces the number of potential fluids from over one hundred to a group of under twenty fluids for further refinement in a model based WHR ORC performance study. The selection process uses engineering judgement, legislation and, where applicable, health and safety as fluid selection or de-selection criteria. This paper also investigates and discusses the properties of specific ORC fluids with regard to their impact on the theoretical potential for delivering efficient WHR ORC work output. The paper concludes by looking at potential temperature and pressure WHR ORC limits with regard to fluid properties thereby assisting with the generation of WHR ORC simulation boundary conditions.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)399-409
Number of pages11
JournalInternational Journal of Automotive Technology
Issue number3
Early online date24 Mar 2015
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2015

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