Bacterial metabolism of methylated amines and identification of novel methylotrophs in Movile Cave

Daniela Wischer, Deepak Kumaresan, Antonia Johnston, Myriam El Khawand, Jason Stephenson, Alexandra M Hillebrand-Voiculescu, Yin Chen, J Colin Murrell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Movile Cave, Romania, is an unusual underground ecosystem that has been sealed off from the outside world for several million years and is sustained by non-phototrophic carbon fixation. Methane and sulfur-oxidising bacteria are the main primary producers, supporting a complex food web that includes bacteria, fungi and cave-adapted invertebrates. A range of methylotrophic bacteria in Movile Cave grow on one-carbon compounds including methylated amines, which are produced via decomposition of organic-rich microbial mats. The role of methylated amines as a carbon and nitrogen source for bacteria in Movile Cave was investigated using a combination of cultivation studies and DNA stable isotope probing (DNA-SIP) using 13 C-monomethylamine (MMA). Two newly developed primer sets targeting the gene for gamma-glutamylmethylamide synthetase (gmaS), the first enzyme of the recently-discovered indirect MMA-oxidation pathway, were applied in functional gene probing. SIP experiments revealed that the obligate methylotroph Methylotenera mobilis is one of the dominant MMA utilisers in the cave. DNA-SIP experiments also showed that a new facultative methylotroph isolated in this study, Catellibacterium sp. LW-1 is probably one of the most active MMA utilisers in Movile Cave. Methylated amines were also used as a nitrogen source by a wide range of non-methylotrophic bacteria in Movile Cave. PCR-based screening of bacterial isolates suggested that the indirect MMA-oxidation pathway involving GMA and N-methylglutamate is widespread among both methylotrophic and non-methylotrophic MMA utilisers from the cave.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)195-206
JournalThe ISME Journal
Volume9
Issue number1
Early online date22 Jul 2014
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2015

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Microbiology
  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Bacterial metabolism of methylated amines and identification of novel methylotrophs in Movile Cave'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this