Battery energy storage system state-of-charge management to ensure availability of frequency regulating services from wind farms

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

State of charge management in battery energy storage systems will be imperative to ensure that frequency regulating services can be provided when required. Two state of charge controllers are proposed in this paper. One controller was designed to meet the charge/discharge requirements imposed on assets providing enhanced frequency response. The controller makes small corrective changes to the battery's power output to restore nominal charge. Simulation results show that the controller is effective at restoring nominal charge when the deviation from nominal is small. However, when the charge is significantly high or low, operating within the confines of the enhanced frequency response service envelope will lead to long periods where the charge is above or below nominal. This will reduce the availability of frequency regulating services from system. A second controller is proposed to accelerate the restoration of nominal charge. The controller is intended for use in wind farms that have an integrated battery energy storage system, whereby hybrid dispatch control can be employed. The objective of hybrid control is to create a power exchange between the wind turbine and battery system to accelerate nominal charge restoration, without significantly impacting the system frequency and the wind farm's output.
Original languageEnglish
JournalRenewable Energy
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2020

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