In this chapter, we first discussed the definitions that are vital to understand the working of a beamformer. We then classified the beamformer based on the architecture, frequency of operation and a use case. These clarifications are done keeping in mind the future technological advancements in the communication industry. Beamformer architectures are further divided into purely analog, digital and hybrid types, when each one of them has a specific need in specialized communication standards. Frequency bands of operations are divided into the well-known 5G sub bands that are sub-6-GHz and mmWave bands. We further discussed the ways in which a beamformer function differs when they are operating at different frequency bands. Lastly, we classified beamformers in terms of their utility as a fixed or mobile radio in a communication system. State-of-the-art beamformer examples are comparatively analyzed to better predict the most suitable choice for a given classification of beamformers in the 5G and beyond applications.
|Title of host publication||Antennas and Propagation for 5G and Beyond|
|Editors||Qammar H. Abbasi, Syeda Fizzah Jilani, Akram Alomainy, Muhammad Ali Imran|
|Publication status||Published - 01 Jul 2020|
Abbasi, M. A. B., & Fusco, V. (2020). Beamformer development challenges for 5G and beyond. In Q. H. Abbasi, S. F. Jilani, A. Alomainy, & M. A. Imran (Eds.), Antennas and Propagation for 5G and Beyond (pp. 265-299). IET. https://doi.org/10.1049/PBTE093E_ch