Behaviour of two embedded piles subjected to passive loading due to construction of an embankment was modelled in this paper. The piles were installed at the berm section of an embankment in a later stage of its construction. The investigation was carried out using a combination of two- and three-dimensional analyses. The analysis results were compared with the field-measured values and they agreed well.
Karim, M. R., Lo, S-C. R., & Gnanendran, C. T. (2014). Behaviour of piles subjected to passive loading due to embankment construction. Canadian Geotechnical Journal, 51(3), 303-310. https://doi.org/10.1139/cgj-2012-0468