Biodegradable and Biocompatible Adhesives for the Effective Stabilisation, Repair and Regeneration of Bone

Antzela Tzagiollari, Helen O McCarthy, Tanya J Levingstone, Nicholas J Dunne

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Abstract

Bone defects and complex fractures present significant challenges for orthopaedic surgeons. Current surgical procedures involve the reconstruction and mechanical stabilisation of complex fractures using metal hardware (i.e., wires, plates and screws). However, these procedures often result in poor healing. An injectable, biocompatible, biodegradable bone adhesive that could glue bone fragments back together would present a highly attractive solution. A bone adhesive that meets the many clinical requirements for such an application has yet to be developed. While synthetic and biological polymer-based adhesives (e.g., cyanoacrylates, PMMA, fibrin, etc.) have been used effectively as bone void fillers, these materials lack biomechanical integrity and demonstrate poor injectability, which limits the clinical effectiveness and potential for minimally invasive delivery. This systematic review summarises conventional approaches and recent developments in the area of bone adhesives for orthopaedic applications. The required properties for successful bone repair adhesives, which include suitable injectability, setting characteristics, mechanical properties, biocompatibility and an ability to promote new bone formation, are highlighted. Finally, the potential to achieve repair of challenging bone voids and fractures as well as the potential of new bioinspired adhesives and the future directions relating to their clinical development are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Article number250
JournalBioengineering
Volume9
Issue number6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 10 Jun 2022

Keywords

  • bone fractures
  • bioadhesives
  • bone repairing
  • biomimetic adhesives

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