Biodiversidata: A novel dataset for the vascularplant species diversity in Uruguay

Florencia Grattarola, Andrés González, Patricia Mai, Laura Cappuccio, Cesar Fagúndez-Pachón, Florencia Rossi, Franco Teixeira de Mello, Lucía Urtado, Daniel Pincheira-Donoso

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Abstract

Background: South America hosts some of the world’s most prominent biodiversity hotspots. Yet, Uruguay – a country where multiple major ecosystems converge – ranks amongst the countries with the lowest levels of available digital biodiversity data in the continent. Such prevalent data scarcity has significantly undermined our ability to progress towardsevidence-based conservation actions – a critical limitation for a country with a strong focuson agricultural industries and only 1.3% of the land surface guarded by protected areas.Under today’s rapid biodiversity loss and environmental changes, the need for open-access biodiversity data is more pressing than ever before. To address this national issue, Biodiversidata – Uruguay’s first Consortium of Biodiversity Data – has recently emergedwith the aim of assembling a constantly growing database for the biodiversity of this country. While the first phase of the project targeted vertebrate biodiversity, the secondphase presented in this paper spans the biodiversity of plants.New informationAs part of the second phase of the Biodiversidata initiative, we present the firstcomprehensive open-access species-level database of the vascular plant diversityrecorded in Uruguay to date (i.e. all species for which data are currently available andspecies presence has been confirmed). It contains 12,470 occurrence records from across1,648 species and 160 families, which roughly represents 60% of the total recorded flora of Uruguay. The primary biodiversity data include extant native and introduced species fromthe lycophytes, ferns, gymnosperms and angiosperms groups. Records were collated frommultiple sources, including data available in peer-reviewed scientific literature, institutional scientific collections and datasets contributed by members of the Biodiversidata initiative.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)e56850
Number of pages21
JournalBiodiversity Data Journal
Publication statusPublished - 26 Oct 2020

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