This article reviews the basics of gastrointestinal nematode biology and pathophysiology in cattle and describes how gastrointestinal nematode epidemiology is driven by environmental, host, and farm economic determinants. Adverse effects from gastrointestinal nematodes on their hosts are caused by tissue damage, nutrient absorption, immunopathologic effects, and reduced food intake induced by hormonal changes. Weather and microenvironmental factors influence the development and survival of free-living parasitic stages. A holistic control approach entails the consideration of environmental, immunologic, and socioeconomic aspects of nematode epidemiology and is key for the development and communication of sustainable control strategies.
|Number of pages||15|
|Journal||Veterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice|
|Early online date||03 Feb 2020|
|Publication status||Published - Mar 2020|
- Gastrointestinal nematodes
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Food Animals