Biology and Epidemiology of Gastrointestinal Nematodes in Cattle

Johannes Charlier*, Johan Höglund, Eric R. Morgan, Peter Geldhof, Jozef Vercruysse, Edwin Claerebout

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


This article reviews the basics of gastrointestinal nematode biology and pathophysiology in cattle and describes how gastrointestinal nematode epidemiology is driven by environmental, host, and farm economic determinants. Adverse effects from gastrointestinal nematodes on their hosts are caused by tissue damage, nutrient absorption, immunopathologic effects, and reduced food intake induced by hormonal changes. Weather and microenvironmental factors influence the development and survival of free-living parasitic stages. A holistic control approach entails the consideration of environmental, immunologic, and socioeconomic aspects of nematode epidemiology and is key for the development and communication of sustainable control strategies.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-15
Number of pages15
JournalVeterinary Clinics of North America - Food Animal Practice
Issue number1
Early online date03 Feb 2020
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2020


  • Cooperia
  • Environment
  • Epidemiology
  • Gastrointestinal nematodes
  • Immunity
  • Ostertagia
  • Pathophysiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Animals


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