Carbon capture and sequestration technologies are essential to reduce CO2 emissions which are responsible for global warming. Carbon-based materials can play an important role in the reduction of CO2 emissions. These materials are normally produced from biomass through technologies such as pyrolysis and hydrothermal carbonization. The type of biomass feedstock and biomass conversion conditions can significantly affect the textual properties and surface chemistry of the carbon materials. Various modification methods such as material activation or N-doping can improve the properties of carbon materials to obtain better CO2 capture effects. This review summarizes recently reported research in the areas of using biomass-based materials for CO2 capture. The technologies of biomass conversion to carbon materials and modification of the carbon materials are critically analyzed. Meanwhile, the mechanisms of the CO2 capture process and research of different modification carbon materials for CO2 capture are also discussed. Finally, potential future research directions are suggested to promote carbon capture using biomass-based materials.
|Journal||Journal of CO2 Utilization|
|Early online date||19 Dec 2022|
|Publication status||Published - Feb 2023|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This project has received funding from National Natural Science Foundation of China (No. 52276211 ), Key R&D plan of Shaanxi Province (No. 2021GY-114 ), the Science and Technology Exchange Project of China Ministry of Science and Technology (No. 2021–12-2 ), Education Cooperation Project between China and Central Eastern European Countries (No. 2021086 ), Shaanxi Provincial Natural Science Foundation Research Program Shaanxi Coal Joint Funding ( 2019JLZ-12 ) and Royal Society K. C. Wong International Fellowship (No. NIF\R1\191817 ).
© 2022 The Authors.
- Carbon materials
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Process Chemistry and Technology