Biomedical applications of polymers and ceramic coatings: a review of recent developments

James R. Smith, Dimitrios Lamprou, Clive Larson, Sarah Upson

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Recent literature concerning the use of polymer and ceramic coatings for a variety of biomedical applications is surveyed in this review. Applications have been grouped into six broad categories: orthopaedic materials, cardiovascular stents, antibacterial surfaces, drug delivery, tissue engineering and biosensors. Polymer and ceramic coatings add enhanced corrosion protection, antiwear, antibacterial and biocompatibility properties to various substrates for biomedical applications. Processes favoured for polymer coating formation included dip, electrodeposition, spin (including electrospin) and spray (including electrospray and ultrasonic spray). Ceramic coatings were formed using magnetron sputtering and a combination of 3-D printing and in-situ mineralisation, among others. The review period is from 2017 to the present (mid-2021).
Original languageEnglish
JournalTransactions of the IMF - The International Journal of Surface Engineering and Coatings
Publication statusAccepted - 30 Oct 2021

Keywords

  • Polymer coatings
  • Conducting polymers
  • Ceramics
  • Hydroxyapatite
  • Orthopaedics
  • Cardiovascular stents
  • Antibacterial surfaces
  • Drug Delivery
  • Tissue engineering
  • Biosensors

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