Biomimetic poly(glycerol sebacate)/poly(l-lactic acid) blend scaffolds for adipose tissue engineering

Martin Frydrych, Sabiniano Román, Sheila MacNeil, Biqiong Chen*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

58 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Large three-dimensional poly(glycerol sebacate) (PGS)/poly(l-lactic acid) (PLLA) scaffolds with similar bulk mechanical properties to native low and high stress adapted adipose tissue were fabricated via a freeze-drying and a subsequent curing process. PGS/PLLA scaffolds containing 73 vol.% PGS were prepared using two different organic solvents, resulting in highly interconnected open-pore structures with porosities and pore sizes in the range of 91-92% and 109-141 μm, respectively. Scanning electron microscopic analysis indicated that the scaffolds featured different microstructure characteristics, depending on the organic solvent in use. The PGS/PLLA scaffolds had a tensile Young's modulus of 0.030 MPa, tensile strength of 0.007 MPa, elongation at the maximum stress of 25% and full shape recovery capability upon release of the compressive load. In vitro degradation tests presented mass losses of 11-16% and 54-55% without and with the presence of lipase enzyme in 31 days, respectively. In vitro cell tests exhibited clear evidence that the PGS/PLLA scaffolds prepared with 1,4-dioxane as the solvent are suitable for culture of adipose derived stem cells. Compared to pristine PLLA scaffolds prepared with the same procedure, these scaffolds provided favourable porous microstructures, good hydrophilic characteristics, and appropriate mechanical properties for soft tissue applications, as well as enhanced scaffold cell penetration and tissue in-growth characteristics. This work demonstrates that the PGS/PLLA scaffolds have potential for applications in adipose tissue engineering.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)40-49
Number of pages10
JournalActa Biomaterialia
Volume18
Early online date10 Mar 2015
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 2015

Keywords

  • Adipose tissue engineering
  • Elastomer
  • Poly(glycerol sebacate)
  • Scaffold

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Biochemistry
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Molecular Biology

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