Synthetic bone substitutes provide an alternative to autograft but do not give equivalent clinical results. Their performance may be enhanced by adding osteogenic growth factors. In this study, TGFβ1 was absorbed on to a carrier of β tricalcium phosphate and Gelfoam® and used to fill a defect around a tibial implant in a rat model of revision arthoplasty. We added 0.0, 0.02 μg, 0.1 μg or 1.0 μg of TGFβ1 to the carrier and then implanted it around an hydroxyapatite-coated stainless-steel pin in the proximal tibia of rats. The tibiae were harvested at three, six or 26 weeks and the amount of bone formation and ceramic resorption were assessed. TGFβ1 had no effect on the amount of bone in the defect, the amount of fluorescent label incorporated or the rate of mineral apposition. The growth factor did not significantly affect the amount of βTCP remaining in the tissue at any of the time points.
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ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine