Boosting NiO catalytic activity by x wt% F‐ions and K2O for the production of Methyl Ethyl Ketone (MEK) via catalytic dehydrogenation of 2‐butanol

Samih A. Halawy, Ahmed I. Osman *, Adel Abdelkader, Haiping Yang

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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Abstract

Herein, the synthesis of pure and modified mesoporous nanocrystalline NiO is reported. The catalyst was modified with different wt % F‐ions or K2O and used to produce Methyl ethyl ketone (MEK) as a potential fuel/solvent. XRD analysis of the promoted catalysts confirmed the formation of Ni‐metal covered by the host oxide, compared with pure NiO, especially for the promoted catalysts with x wt % F‐ions. CO2‐TPD results demonstrated the existence of different basic sites over these catalysts with varying strength. The catalytic conversion of sec‐butanol (SB) into MEK over the parent NiO catalyst showed 52 % and 76.8 % conversion of SB at 250 and 275 °C, respectively, with higher selectivity to MEK >96 %. Among the promoted catalysts, NiO‐10 wt % F− and NiO‐1 wt % K2O catalysts showed 99 and 95 % conversion, respectively, with retaining the MEK selectivity of ≥96 %. The catalytic activity, of the most active catalysts, was correlated with the presence of Ni/NiO interfaces, different types of basic sites, especially strong basic sites, and the surface area and porosity measurements.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCHEMCATCHEM
Early online date26 Feb 2021
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 26 Feb 2021

Keywords

  • Methyl Ethyl Ketone
  • NiO
  • Potassium oxide
  • fluoride
  • covid-19

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