Breast cancer survival and stage at diagnosis in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the UK, 2000-2007: A population-based study

S. Walters, C. Maringe, B. Rachet, C. Allemani, J. Butler, P. Barrett-Lee, J. Bergh, J. Boyages, P. Christiansen, M. Lee, F. Wärnberg, G. Engholm, T. Fornander, M.L. Gjerstorff, T.B. Johannesen, G. Lawrence, C.E. McGahan, R. Middleton, J. Steward, E. TraceyD. Turner, Michael A Richards, Anna Gavin, Michel Coleman

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Abstract

Background:
We investigate whether differences in breast cancer survival in six high-income countries can be explained by differences in stage at diagnosis using routine data from population-based cancer registries.

Methods
We analysed the data on 257 362 women diagnosed with breast cancer during 2000-7 and registered in 13 population-based cancer registries in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the UK. Flexible parametric hazard models were used to estimate net survival and the excess hazard of dying from breast cancer up to 3 years after diagnosis.Results:Age-standardised 3-year net survival was 87-89% in the UK and Denmark, and 91-94% in the other four countries. Stage at diagnosis was relatively advanced in Denmark: only 30% of women had Tumour, Nodes, Metastasis (TNM) stage I disease, compared with 42-45% elsewhere. Women in the UK had low survival for TNM stage III-IV disease compared with other countries.

Conclusion
International differences in breast cancer survival are partly explained by differences in stage at diagnosis, and partly by differences in stage-specific survival. Low overall survival arises if the stage distribution is adverse (e.g. Denmark) but stage-specific survival is normal; or if the stage distribution is typical but stage-specific survival is low (e.g. UK). International differences in staging diagnostics and stage-specific cancer therapies should be investigated.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1195-1208
JournalBritish Journal of Cancer
Volume108
Issue number5
Early online date28 Feb 2013
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 19 Mar 2013

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    Walters, S., Maringe, C., Rachet, B., Allemani, C., Butler, J., Barrett-Lee, P., Bergh, J., Boyages, J., Christiansen, P., Lee, M., Wärnberg, F., Engholm, G., Fornander, T., Gjerstorff, M. L., Johannesen, T. B., Lawrence, G., McGahan, C. E., Middleton, R., Steward, J., ... Coleman, M. (2013). Breast cancer survival and stage at diagnosis in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden and the UK, 2000-2007: A population-based study. British Journal of Cancer, 108(5), 1195-1208. https://doi.org/10.1038/bjc.2013.6