Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: A qualitative exploration

Norah Abdullah Madkhali, Joanne Reid, Olinda Santin, Helen Noble

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Abstract
Aim
To explore breast health awareness and the early diagnosis and detection methods of breast cancer from the perspective of women and primary healthcare providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.
Background
There is a high incidence of advanced breast cancer in young women in developing countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but no standardised information regarding breast self-examination, nor a national screening programme.
Design
Qualitative exploratory study
Methods
This qualitative study was conducted in eight states across the Jizan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Purposive sampling was used to recruit Saudi women n= (24), general practitioners n= (20) and nurses n= (20). Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2015-February 2016. Inductive thematic analysis was undertaken.
Results
The cultural views towards health, breast cancer and its screening were embedded in women’s concept of health behaviour. Religious infrastructure informed how Saudis as Muslims should live, react to breast cancer and death, and view their breast health. Health service provision was aimed at reactively treating breast cancer symptoms rather than proactively offering preventative breast cancer strategies.
Conclusion
This study provides new evidence on the complexity of poor breast health awareness and lack of resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Additional resources are needed to remove such barriers and provide targeted health education and services in developing countries where breast health services are poorly developed. The findings would be applicable to immigrant societies internationally where such topics remain taboo, and breast cancer screening is underutilized.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Advanced Nursing
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2019

Fingerprint

Breast
Breast Neoplasms
Saudi Arabia
Health
Health Services
Early Detection of Cancer
Developing Countries
Breast Self-Examination
Taboo
Islam
Health Behavior
Women's Health
Health Education
Health Personnel
General Practitioners
Early Diagnosis
Primary Health Care
Nurses
Interviews
Incidence

Cite this

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title = "Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: A qualitative exploration",
abstract = "Abstract AimTo explore breast health awareness and the early diagnosis and detection methods of breast cancer from the perspective of women and primary healthcare providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.BackgroundThere is a high incidence of advanced breast cancer in young women in developing countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but no standardised information regarding breast self-examination, nor a national screening programme. Design Qualitative exploratory study MethodsThis qualitative study was conducted in eight states across the Jizan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Purposive sampling was used to recruit Saudi women n= (24), general practitioners n= (20) and nurses n= (20). Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2015-February 2016. Inductive thematic analysis was undertaken. ResultsThe cultural views towards health, breast cancer and its screening were embedded in women’s concept of health behaviour. Religious infrastructure informed how Saudis as Muslims should live, react to breast cancer and death, and view their breast health. Health service provision was aimed at reactively treating breast cancer symptoms rather than proactively offering preventative breast cancer strategies. Conclusion This study provides new evidence on the complexity of poor breast health awareness and lack of resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Additional resources are needed to remove such barriers and provide targeted health education and services in developing countries where breast health services are poorly developed. The findings would be applicable to immigrant societies internationally where such topics remain taboo, and breast cancer screening is underutilized.",
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Breast health awareness in an Arabic culture: A qualitative exploration. / Madkhali, Norah Abdullah; Reid, Joanne; Santin, Olinda; Noble, Helen.

In: Journal of Advanced Nursing, 01.05.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Abstract AimTo explore breast health awareness and the early diagnosis and detection methods of breast cancer from the perspective of women and primary healthcare providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.BackgroundThere is a high incidence of advanced breast cancer in young women in developing countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but no standardised information regarding breast self-examination, nor a national screening programme. Design Qualitative exploratory study MethodsThis qualitative study was conducted in eight states across the Jizan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Purposive sampling was used to recruit Saudi women n= (24), general practitioners n= (20) and nurses n= (20). Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2015-February 2016. Inductive thematic analysis was undertaken. ResultsThe cultural views towards health, breast cancer and its screening were embedded in women’s concept of health behaviour. Religious infrastructure informed how Saudis as Muslims should live, react to breast cancer and death, and view their breast health. Health service provision was aimed at reactively treating breast cancer symptoms rather than proactively offering preventative breast cancer strategies. Conclusion This study provides new evidence on the complexity of poor breast health awareness and lack of resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Additional resources are needed to remove such barriers and provide targeted health education and services in developing countries where breast health services are poorly developed. The findings would be applicable to immigrant societies internationally where such topics remain taboo, and breast cancer screening is underutilized.

AB - Abstract AimTo explore breast health awareness and the early diagnosis and detection methods of breast cancer from the perspective of women and primary healthcare providers in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.BackgroundThere is a high incidence of advanced breast cancer in young women in developing countries including the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, but no standardised information regarding breast self-examination, nor a national screening programme. Design Qualitative exploratory study MethodsThis qualitative study was conducted in eight states across the Jizan region of Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Purposive sampling was used to recruit Saudi women n= (24), general practitioners n= (20) and nurses n= (20). Semi-structured interviews were conducted from November 2015-February 2016. Inductive thematic analysis was undertaken. ResultsThe cultural views towards health, breast cancer and its screening were embedded in women’s concept of health behaviour. Religious infrastructure informed how Saudis as Muslims should live, react to breast cancer and death, and view their breast health. Health service provision was aimed at reactively treating breast cancer symptoms rather than proactively offering preventative breast cancer strategies. Conclusion This study provides new evidence on the complexity of poor breast health awareness and lack of resources in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Additional resources are needed to remove such barriers and provide targeted health education and services in developing countries where breast health services are poorly developed. The findings would be applicable to immigrant societies internationally where such topics remain taboo, and breast cancer screening is underutilized.

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