Brief announcement: Maintaining large dense subgraphs on dynamic networks

A.D. Sarma, A. Lall, D. Nanongkai, A. Trehan

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter


In distributed networks, some groups of nodes may have more inter-connections, perhaps due to their larger bandwidth availability or communication requirements. In many scenarios, it may be useful for the nodes to know if they form part of a dense subgraph, e.g., such a dense subgraph could form a high bandwidth backbone for the network. In this work, we address the problem of self-awareness of nodes in a dynamic network with regards to graph density, i.e., we give distributed algorithms for maintaining dense subgraphs (subgraphs that the member nodes are aware of). The only knowledge that the nodes need is that of the dynamic diameter D, i.e., the maximum number of rounds it takes for a message to traverse the dynamic network. For our work, we consider a model where the number of nodes are fixed, but a powerful adversary can add or remove a limited number of edges from the network at each time step. The communication is by broadcast only and follows the CONGEST model in the sense that only messages of O(log n) size are permitted, where n is the number of nodes in the network. Our algorithms are continuously executed on the network, and at any time (after some initialization) each node will be aware if it is part (or not) of a particular dense subgraph. We give algorithms that approximate both the densest subgraph, i.e., the subgraph of the highest density in the network, and the at-least-k-densest subgraph (for a given parameter k), i.e., the densest subgraph of size at least k. We give a (2 + e)-approximation algorithm for the densest subgraph problem. The at-least-k-densest subgraph is known to be NP-hard for the general case in the centralized setting and the best known algorithm gives a 2-approximation. We present an algorithm that maintains a (3+e)-approximation in our distributed, dynamic setting. Our algorithms run in O(Dlog n) time.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the Annual ACM Symposium on Principles of Distributed Computing
Number of pages2
ISBN (Print)9781450314503
Publication statusPublished - 01 Jan 2012

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