Methods: Using a non-bronchoscopic bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) procedure on children presenting for an elective surgical procedure, this study has investigated the cellular constituents of BAL fluid in children with a history of atopic asthma (AA) non-asthmatic atopic children (NAA) or viral associated wheeze (VAW).
Results: A total of 95 children was studied: 52 with atopic asthma (8.0 years, range 1.1-15.3, 36 male), 23 with non-asthmatic atopy (median age 8.3 years, range 1.7-13.6, 11 male) and 20 with VAW (3.1 years, range 1.0-8.2, 13 male). No complications were observed during the lavage procedure and no adverse events were noted post-operatively. Total lavage fluid recovered was similar in all groups and the total cell numbers were higher in the VAW group. Eosinophil (P< 0.005) and mast cell (/'<0.05) numbers were significantly elevated in the group with atopic asthma.
Conclusions: During relatively asymptomatic periods there is on-going airways inflammation, as demonstrated by eosinophil and mast cell recruitment, in children with asthma and atopy but not in children with viral associated wheeze or atopy alone. This strongly suggests that there are different underlying pathophysiologicai mechanisms in these two groups of children who wheeze.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Clinical & Experimental Allergy : Journal of the British Society for Allergy and Clinical Immunology|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 1997|
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Liam Heaney (Participant), Ian Cadden (Participant), Michael Shields (Participant), Madeleine Ennis (Participant), Bettina Schock (Participant), Vanessa Brown (Participant), Michael Ryan (Participant), Dennis Carson (Participant) & Timothy Warke (Participant)
Impact: Health Impact, Quality of Life Impact