## Abstract

A simple analytical formula, a=ā[1-tan(π/n-2)tan{Φ-[π/2(n-2)]}, is obtained for the scattering length in atomic collisions. Here ā=cos[π/(n-2)]{ 2Mα /[Latin small letter h with stroke(n-2)]}2/(n-2)[Γ(n-3)/(n-2)]/[T(n-1)/(n-2)] is the mean scattering length determined by the asymptotic behavior of the potential U(r)∼-α/Rn, (n=6 for atom-atom scattering or n=4 for ion-atom scattering), M is the reduced mass of the atoms, and Φ is the semiclassical phase calculated at zero energy from the classical turning point to infinity. The value of ā, the average scattering length, also determines the slope of the s-wave phase shifts beyond the near-threshold region. The formula is applicable to the collisions of atoms cooled down in traps, where the scattering length determines the character of the atom-atom interaction. Our calculation shows that repulsion between atoms (a>0) is more likely than attraction with a ''probability'' of 75%. For the Cs-Cs scattering in the u3 state, ā=95.5aB has been obtained, where aB is the Bohr radius. The comparison of the calculated cross-section energy dependence with the experimental data gives evidence for a positive value for the Cs-Cs scattering length, which makes cesium Bose gas stable.

Original language | English |
---|---|

Pages (from-to) | 546-553 |

Number of pages | 8 |

Journal | Physical Review A |

Volume | 48 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 01 Jul 1993 |

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Physics and Astronomy(all)
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics