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In this paper, we show how the polarisation state of a linearly polarised antenna can be recovered through the use of a three-term error correction model. The approach adopted is shown to be robust in situations where some multipath exists and where the sampling channels are imperfect with regard to both their amplitude and phase tracking. In particular, it has been shown that error of the measured polarisation tilt angle can be improved from 33% to 3% and below by applying the proposed calibration method. It is described how one can use a rotating dipole antenna as both the calibration standard and as the polarisation encoder, thus simplifying the physical arrangement of the transmitter. Experimental results are provided in order to show the utility of the approach, which could have a variety of applications including bandwidth conservative polarisation sub-modulation in advanced wireless communications systems.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)916-919
Number of pages4
JournalIEEE Antennas and Wireless Propagation Letters
Publication statusPublished - 29 Sept 2016


  • polarisation estimation
  • calibration

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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