Calling it Quits: Legislative Retirements in Comparative Perspective

Christopher D. Raymond*, L. Marvin Overby

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)
56 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

Although retirements are a major source of legislative turnover, research on the topic has been limited, especially outside of the US House of Representatives. In this paper, we address this shortcoming by examining retirements in two countries with similar electoral systems yet different legislative environments and party systems: Canada and the United Kingdom. In particular, we extend analysis on the Congress that has consistently shown Republican members retire at higher rates than their Democratic counterparts to examine whether this finding is generalizable to legislators from other parties of the right and/or favouring devolution in other parliamentary settings. In presenting data that support many of these hypotheses, we explore an important normative implication: because their partisan predispositions make them less willing to serve, politicians from parties favouring limited government and/or devolution may be less able to translate their vision of politics into policy because they face systemic problems maintaining legislative seats. 
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
JournalPolitical Studies
Early online date31 Jul 2019
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 31 Jul 2019

Fingerprint

retirement
decentralization
electoral system
party system
turnover
politician
Canada
politics

Keywords

  • ideology
  • legislatures
  • parliamentary careers
  • parliaments
  • retirement

Cite this

@article{33666d4773d34c5bad1308534231d818,
title = "Calling it Quits: Legislative Retirements in Comparative Perspective",
abstract = "Although retirements are a major source of legislative turnover, research on the topic has been limited, especially outside of the US House of Representatives. In this paper, we address this shortcoming by examining retirements in two countries with similar electoral systems yet different legislative environments and party systems: Canada and the United Kingdom. In particular, we extend analysis on the Congress that has consistently shown Republican members retire at higher rates than their Democratic counterparts to examine whether this finding is generalizable to legislators from other parties of the right and/or favouring devolution in other parliamentary settings. In presenting data that support many of these hypotheses, we explore an important normative implication: because their partisan predispositions make them less willing to serve, politicians from parties favouring limited government and/or devolution may be less able to translate their vision of politics into policy because they face systemic problems maintaining legislative seats. ",
keywords = "ideology, legislatures, parliamentary careers, parliaments, retirement",
author = "Raymond, {Christopher D.} and Overby, {L. Marvin}",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
day = "31",
doi = "10.1177/0032321719865111",
language = "English",
journal = "Political Studies",
issn = "0032-3217",
publisher = "Blackwell Publishing Ltd",

}

Calling it Quits: Legislative Retirements in Comparative Perspective. / Raymond, Christopher D.; Overby, L. Marvin.

In: Political Studies, 31.07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

TY - JOUR

T1 - Calling it Quits: Legislative Retirements in Comparative Perspective

AU - Raymond, Christopher D.

AU - Overby, L. Marvin

PY - 2019/7/31

Y1 - 2019/7/31

N2 - Although retirements are a major source of legislative turnover, research on the topic has been limited, especially outside of the US House of Representatives. In this paper, we address this shortcoming by examining retirements in two countries with similar electoral systems yet different legislative environments and party systems: Canada and the United Kingdom. In particular, we extend analysis on the Congress that has consistently shown Republican members retire at higher rates than their Democratic counterparts to examine whether this finding is generalizable to legislators from other parties of the right and/or favouring devolution in other parliamentary settings. In presenting data that support many of these hypotheses, we explore an important normative implication: because their partisan predispositions make them less willing to serve, politicians from parties favouring limited government and/or devolution may be less able to translate their vision of politics into policy because they face systemic problems maintaining legislative seats. 

AB - Although retirements are a major source of legislative turnover, research on the topic has been limited, especially outside of the US House of Representatives. In this paper, we address this shortcoming by examining retirements in two countries with similar electoral systems yet different legislative environments and party systems: Canada and the United Kingdom. In particular, we extend analysis on the Congress that has consistently shown Republican members retire at higher rates than their Democratic counterparts to examine whether this finding is generalizable to legislators from other parties of the right and/or favouring devolution in other parliamentary settings. In presenting data that support many of these hypotheses, we explore an important normative implication: because their partisan predispositions make them less willing to serve, politicians from parties favouring limited government and/or devolution may be less able to translate their vision of politics into policy because they face systemic problems maintaining legislative seats. 

KW - ideology

KW - legislatures

KW - parliamentary careers

KW - parliaments

KW - retirement

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85070401925&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1177/0032321719865111

DO - 10.1177/0032321719865111

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85070401925

JO - Political Studies

JF - Political Studies

SN - 0032-3217

ER -