Can we make our campuses more diverse and inclusive? Lessons from the United Kingdom

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Higher education in the United Kingdom expanded rapidly in the latter part of the 20th century and into the 21st century. One consequence of expansion, or massification, of higher education, was that universities became more diverse, both in terms of their students and staff. A variety of factors contributed to the expansion, including policy change in education generally, changing assumptions and mores about human capability, and new perspectives on the skills needs of society and the supply side of the economy. This chapter will explore some of the features of this expansion of higher education in the UK and consider some of the specific contributory factors. The chapter will how that universities in the UK have become more inclusive and diverse, but it will challenge the notion that they have become inclusive institutions and offer some suggestions on how a further shift towards this goal might be achieved.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHigher education for diversity, social inclusion and community - A democratic imperative (Council of Europe Higher Education Series No. 22),
EditorsSjur Bergan, Ira Harkavy
Place of PublicationStrasbourg
PublisherCouncil of Europe
Number of pages16
ISBN (Print)9789297185921
Publication statusPublished - 01 May 2018


  • Higher education
  • democratic education
  • civic role
  • social inclusion
  • diversity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Social Sciences
  • Education


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