Carbon–neutral hydrogen production by catalytic methane decomposition: a review

Dwi Hantoko, Wasim Ullah Khan, Ahmed I. Osman *, Mahmoud Nasr, Ahmed K. Rashwan, Yahya Gambo, Ahmed Al Shoaibi, Srinivasakannan Chandrasekar, Mohammad M. Hossain*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)
30 Downloads (Pure)

Abstract

The global hydrogen demand is projected to increase from 70 million tons in 2019 to more than 200 million tons in 2030. Methane decomposition is a promising reaction for H2 production, coupled with the synthesis of valuable carbon nanomaterials applicable in fuel cell technology, transportation fuels, and chemical synthesis. Here, we review catalytic methane decomposition, with focus on catalyst development, deactivation, reactivation, regeneration, and on economics. Catalysts include mono-, bi-, and trimetallic compounds and carbon-based compounds. Catalyst deactivation is induced by coke deposition. Despite remarkable strides in research, industrialization remains at an early stage.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages41
JournalEnvironmental Chemistry Letters
Early online date20 Apr 2024
DOIs
Publication statusEarly online date - 20 Apr 2024

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