Cation complexation by chemically modified calixarenes. 11. Complexation and extraction of alkali cations by calix[5]- and -[6]arene ketones. Crystal and molecular structures of calix[5]arene ketones and Na+ and Rb+ complexes

Steven Bell, J.K. Browne, V. McKee, M.A. McKervey, John Malone, M. O'Leary, A. Walker, F. Arnaud-Neu, O. Boulangeot, O. Mauprivez, M.J. Schwing-Weill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of four calix[5]arenes and three calix[6]arenes (R-calixarene-OCH2COR1) (R = H or Bu-t) with alkyl ketone residues (R-1 = Me or Bu-t) on the lower rim have been synthesized, and their affinity for complexation of alkali cations has been assessed through phase-transfer experiments and stability constant measurements. The conformations of these ketones have been probed by H-1 NMR and X-ray diffraction analysis, and by molecular mechanics calculations. Pentamer 3 (R R-1 = Bu-t) possesses a symmetrical cone conformation in solution and a very distorted cone conformation in the solid state. Pentamer 5 (R = H, R-1 = Bu-t) exists in a distorted 1,2-alternate conformation in the solid state, but in solution two slowly interconverting conformations, one a cone and the other presumed to be 1,2-alternate, can be detected. X-ray structure analysis of the sodium and rubidium perchlorate complexes of 3 reveal the cations deeply encapsulated by the ethereal and carbonyl oxygen atoms in distorted cone conformations which can be accurately reproduced by molecular mechanics calculations. The phase-transfer and stability constant data reveal that the extent of complexation depends on calixarene size and the nature of the alkyl residues adjacent to the ketonic carbonyls with tert-butyl much more efficacious than methyl.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)489-501
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Organic Chemistry
Volume63
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 06 Feb 1998

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Cation complexation by chemically modified calixarenes. 11. Complexation and extraction of alkali cations by calix[5]- and -[6]arene ketones. Crystal and molecular structures of calix[5]arene ketones and Na+ and Rb+ complexes'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this