Cell-free massive MIMO for ISAC: access point operation mode selection and power control

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This paper considers a cell-free massive multiple-input multiple-output (MIMO) integrated sensing and communication (ISAC) system, where distributed MIMO access points (APs) are used to jointly serve the communication users and detect the presence of a single target. We investigate the problem of AP operation mode selection, wherein some APs are dedicated for downlink communication, while the remaining APs are used for sensing purposes. Closed-form expressions for the individual spectral efficiency (SE) and mainlobe-to-average-sidelobe ratio (MASR) are derived, which are respectively utilized to assess the communication and sensing performances. Accordingly, a max-min fairness problem is formulated and solved, where the minimum SE of the users is maximized, subject to the per-AP power constraints as well as sensing MASR constraint. Our numerical results show that the proposed AP operation mode selection with power control can significantly improve the communication performance for given sensing requirements.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps): Proceedings
PublisherIEEE Xplore
ISBN (Electronic)9798350370218
ISBN (Print)9798350370225
Publication statusPublished - 21 Mar 2024
Event2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps) - Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia
Duration: 04 Dec 202308 Dec 2023

Publication series

NameIEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps): Proceedings


Conference2023 IEEE Globecom Workshops (GC Wkshps)
CityKuala Lumpur


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