Cellular and subcellular localization of SALMFamide (S1)-like immunoreactivity within the central nervous system of the nematode Ascaris suum (Nematoda, Ascaroidea)

D.J.A. Brownlee, Ian Fairweather, M.C. Thorndyke, C.F. Johnston

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The localization and distribution of SALMFamide (S1)-like immunoreactivity (IR), was determined at both the cellular and subcellular level in the central nervous system (CNS) of the nematode roundworm Ascaris suum. The techniques of indirect immunofluorescence in conjunction with confocal scanning laser microscopy and post-embedding, IgG-conjugated colloidal gold immunostaining were used, respectively. Immunostaining was widespread in the CNS of adult A. suum, with immunoreactivity (IR) being localized in nerve cells and fibres in the ganglia associated with the anterior nerve ring and in the main nerve cords and their commissures. At the subcellular level, gold labeling of peptide was localized exclusively over dense-cored vesicles within nerve cell bodies, nerve axons and nerve terminals of the neuropile of the anterior nerve ring, main ganglia and nerve cords in the CNS. Double-labeling demonstrated an apparent co-localization of S1- and FMRFamide-IR-together IR-together with S1- and pancreatic polypeptide (PP)-IR in the same dense-cored vesicles. Antigen preabsorption experiments indicated little cross-reactivity, if any, between the three antisera; indeed, neither FMRFamide nor PP antigens abolished S1 immunostaining.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)149-156
Number of pages8
JournalParasitology Research
Volume82
Publication statusPublished - 1996

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