Cellulose Nanofibers and Other Biopolymers for Biomedical Applications. A Review

John Moohan, Sarah A. Stewart, Eduardo Espinosa, Antonio Rosal, Alejandro Rodríguez, Eneko Larrañeta, Ryan F. Donnelly, Juan Domínguez-Robles

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

131 Citations (Scopus)
225 Downloads (Pure)


Biopolymers are materials synthesised or derived from natural sources, such as plants, animals, microorganisms or any other living organism. The use of these polymers has grown significantly in recent years as industry shifts away from unsustainable fossil fuel resources and looks towards a softer and more sustainable environmental approach. This review article covers the main classes of biopolymers: Polysaccharides, proteins, microbial-derived and lignin. In addition, an overview of the leading biomedical applications of biopolymers is also provided, which includes tissue engineering, medical implants, wound dressings, and the delivery of bioactive molecules. The future clinical applications of biopolymers are vast, due to their inherent biocompatibility, biodegradability and low immunogenicity. All properties which their synthetic counterparts do not share.
Original languageEnglish
Article number65
Number of pages25
JournalApplied Sciences
Issue number1
Early online date20 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2020


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