Challenges and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding among mothers attending the child welfare clinic at a regional hospital in Ghana: a descriptive cross-sectional study

Abigail Kusi Amponsah Diji, Victoria Bam, Ernest Asante, Alberta Yemotsoo Lomotey, Samuel Yeboah, Haim Acquah Owusu

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17 Citations (Scopus)
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Abstract

Background: The challenges and predictors of exclusive breastfeeding (EBF) have been examined in many parts of the world. Considering the socio-cultural dynamics and the few research studies in Ghana, the factors that hinder and predict EBF practice in other countries may be different in the Ghanaian setting. The study therefore sought to assess the challenges and predictors of EBF among mothers attending a child welfare clinic at a regional hospital in Ghana. Methods: A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out between January and March, 2015 to elicit information from 240 mothers who were sampled using simple random sampling technique. A validated structured questionnaire was used in collecting data on participants' socio-demographic characteristics and reported breastfeeding practices. Participants' breastfeeding challenges were rated on a Likert scale from 1 (not at all), 2 (mild), 3 (moderate), 4 (severe) to 5 (unbearable). In this study, EBF refers to birth of the infants up to six months. Results: The top three breastfeeding challenges of mothers were: belief that breast milk alone was not sufficient in meeting their babies' nutritional needs [mean 3.43 (standard deviation (SD) 1.35)], short maternity leave period [mean 3.41 (SD 1.29)], and socio-cultural pressure to introduce water and artificial feeds [mean 3.39 (SD 1.28)]. Independent predictors of EBF were: infant's age [Adjusted Odds Ratio (AOR) 0.82 (95% Confidence Interval [CI] 0.71, 0.95)], and self-employment [AOR 2.67 (95% CI 1.11, 6.41)]. Conclusion: Mothers are confronted with numerous EBF challenges both at the individual and societal levels, and stakeholders need to consider these in order to support breastfeeding mothers to maximize outcomes. Reviewing the labour laws on Ghana's maternity leave to accommodate an extended maternity leave in addition to the employee's annual leave could further improve EBF practice rates.
Original languageEnglish
Article number13
Number of pages7
JournalInternational Breastfeeding Journal
Volume12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 09 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Breastmilk
  • Exclusive breastfeeding challenges
  • Exclusive breastfeeding predictors
  • Ghana
  • Infants
  • Mothers

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