Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils

Victor R Preedy (Editor), Alexandros Ch Stratakos, Anastasios Koidis

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Abstract Essential oils are composite mixtures of volatile compounds most frequently present at low concentrations in plants. Several different extraction techniques are widely employed for the extraction of essential oils such as steam distillation and solvent extraction. These methods are characterized by drawbacks such as low extraction efficiency and selectivity, use of large amounts of solvents, and long extraction times. In many cases, the quality of the essential oil obtained by conventional methods can be influenced by hydrolyzation or oxidation than can take place due to long extraction time and/or high water quantity. Due to these limitations, alternative methods for the extraction of essential oils have been developed which can typically overcome these problems. Supercritical fluid extraction, microwave assisted extraction and ultrasound are novel methods that are now recognized as efficient extraction methods and can significantly reduce extraction times, enhance yields, and quality of essential oil. Although these methods are predominantly exploited on the laboratory scale, they have also found industrial applications, although in most cases to a limited extent.
LanguageEnglish
Title of host publicationEssential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety
EditorsVictor R Preedy
Place of PublicationSan Diego
PublisherIrish Academic Press
Pages31-38
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)978-0-12-416641-7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Publication series

NameEssential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety

Fingerprint

Volatile Oils
Supercritical fluid extraction
Steam
Solvent extraction
Distillation
Industrial applications
Ultrasonics
Microwaves
Oxidation
Water
Composite materials

Keywords

  • Composition
  • Conventional
  • Essential oil
  • Extraction
  • Novel methods
  • Yield

Cite this

Preedy, V. R. (Ed.), Stratakos, A. C., & Koidis, A. (2016). Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils. In V. R. Preedy (Ed.), Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety (pp. 31-38). (Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety). San Diego: Irish Academic Press. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416641-7.00004-3
Preedy, Victor R (Editor) ; Stratakos, Alexandros Ch ; Koidis, Anastasios. / Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils. Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. editor / Victor R Preedy. San Diego : Irish Academic Press, 2016. pp. 31-38 (Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety).
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Preedy, VR (ed.), Stratakos, AC & Koidis, A 2016, Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils. in VR Preedy (ed.), Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety, Irish Academic Press, San Diego, pp. 31-38. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416641-7.00004-3

Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils. / Preedy, Victor R (Editor); Stratakos, Alexandros Ch; Koidis, Anastasios.

Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. ed. / Victor R Preedy. San Diego : Irish Academic Press, 2016. p. 31-38 (Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety).

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

TY - CHAP

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N2 - Abstract Essential oils are composite mixtures of volatile compounds most frequently present at low concentrations in plants. Several different extraction techniques are widely employed for the extraction of essential oils such as steam distillation and solvent extraction. These methods are characterized by drawbacks such as low extraction efficiency and selectivity, use of large amounts of solvents, and long extraction times. In many cases, the quality of the essential oil obtained by conventional methods can be influenced by hydrolyzation or oxidation than can take place due to long extraction time and/or high water quantity. Due to these limitations, alternative methods for the extraction of essential oils have been developed which can typically overcome these problems. Supercritical fluid extraction, microwave assisted extraction and ultrasound are novel methods that are now recognized as efficient extraction methods and can significantly reduce extraction times, enhance yields, and quality of essential oil. Although these methods are predominantly exploited on the laboratory scale, they have also found industrial applications, although in most cases to a limited extent.

AB - Abstract Essential oils are composite mixtures of volatile compounds most frequently present at low concentrations in plants. Several different extraction techniques are widely employed for the extraction of essential oils such as steam distillation and solvent extraction. These methods are characterized by drawbacks such as low extraction efficiency and selectivity, use of large amounts of solvents, and long extraction times. In many cases, the quality of the essential oil obtained by conventional methods can be influenced by hydrolyzation or oxidation than can take place due to long extraction time and/or high water quantity. Due to these limitations, alternative methods for the extraction of essential oils have been developed which can typically overcome these problems. Supercritical fluid extraction, microwave assisted extraction and ultrasound are novel methods that are now recognized as efficient extraction methods and can significantly reduce extraction times, enhance yields, and quality of essential oil. Although these methods are predominantly exploited on the laboratory scale, they have also found industrial applications, although in most cases to a limited extent.

KW - Composition

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KW - Essential oil

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KW - Yield

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Preedy VR, (ed.), Stratakos AC, Koidis A. Chapter 4 - Methods for Extracting Essential Oils. In Preedy VR, editor, Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety. San Diego: Irish Academic Press. 2016. p. 31-38. (Essential Oils in Food Preservation, Flavor and Safety). https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-416641-7.00004-3