Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists

V.A. Gault, K. Hunter, N. Irwin, Brian Green, Brett Greer, Patrick Harriott, F.P.M. O'Harte, P.R. Flatt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 top <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-274
Number of pages12
JournalArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
Volume461
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 May 2007

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Bioactivity
Amino Acids
Glucose
Peptides
gastric inhibitory polypeptide receptor
Insulin

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Gault, V.A. ; Hunter, K. ; Irwin, N. ; Green, Brian ; Greer, Brett ; Harriott, Patrick ; O'Harte, F.P.M. ; Flatt, P.R. / Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists. In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics. 2007 ; Vol. 461, No. 2. pp. 263-274.
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Characterisation and biological activity of Glu(3) amino acid substituted GIP receptor antagonists. / Gault, V.A.; Hunter, K.; Irwin, N.; Green, Brian; Greer, Brett; Harriott, Patrick; O'Harte, F.P.M.; Flatt, P.R.

In: Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics, Vol. 461, No. 2, 15.05.2007, p. 263-274.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Gault, V.A.

AU - Hunter, K.

AU - Irwin, N.

AU - Green, Brian

AU - Greer, Brett

AU - Harriott, Patrick

AU - O'Harte, F.P.M.

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N2 - Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 top <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

AB - Glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) is an important gastrointestinal hormone, which regulates insulin release and glucose homeostasis, but is rapidly inactivated by enzymatic N-terminal truncation. Here we report the enzyme resistance and biological activity of several Glu(3) -substituted analogues of GIP namely; (Ala(3))GIP, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP. Only (Lys(3))- GIP demonstrated moderately enhanced resistance to DPP-IV (p <0.05 to p <0.01) compared to native GIP. All analogues demonstrated a decreased potency in cAMP production (EC50 1.47 to 11.02 nM; p <0.01 to p <0.001) with (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated cAMP production (p <0.05). In BRIN-BD11 cells, (Lys(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP, (Trp(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))- GIP did not stimulate insulin secretion with both (Lys(3))GIP and (Phe(3))GIP significantly inhibiting GIP-stimulated insulin secretion (p <0.05). Injection of each GIP analogue together with glucose in oblob mice significantly increased the glycaemic excursion compared to control (p <0.05 to p <0.001). This was associated with lack of significant insulin responses. (Ala(3))GIP, (Phe(3))GIP and (Tyr(3))GIP, when administered together with GIP, significantly reduced plasma insulin (p <0.05 top <0.01) and impaired the glucose-lowering ability (p <0.05 to p <0.01) of the native peptide. The DPP-IV resistance and GIP antagonism observed were similar but less pronounced than (Pro(3))GIP. These data demonstrate that position 3 amino acid substitution of GIP with (Ala(3)), (Phe(3)), (Tyr(3)) or (Pro(3)) provides a new class of functional GIP receptor antagonists. (C) 2007 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

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