Characterisation of antibodies to chloramphenicol, produced in different species by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and biosensor technologies

Terence Fodey, G. Murilla, A. Cannavan, Christopher Elliott

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

42 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Six polyclonal antisera to chloramphenicol (CAP) were successfully raised in camels, donkeys and goats. As a comparison of sensitivity, IC50 values ranged from 0.3 ng mL(-1) to 5.5 ng mL(-1) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and from 0.7 ng mL(-1) to 1.7 ng mL(-1) by biosensor assay. The introduction of bovine milk extract improved the sensitivity of four of the antisera by ELISA and two by biosensor assay; a reduction in sensitivity of the remaining antisera ranged by a factor of 1.1-2.6. Porcine kidney extract reduced the sensitivity of all the antisera by a factor ranging from 1.1 to 7 by ELISA and a factor of 1.5 to 4 by biosensor. A low cross-reactivity with thiamphenicol (TAP) and florfenicol (FF) was displayed by antiserurn G2 (1.2% and 18%, respectively) when a homologous ELISA assay format was employed. No cross-reactivity was displayed by any of the antisera when a homologous biosensor assay format was employed. Switching to a heterologous ELISA format prompted three of the antisera to display more significant cross-reactivity with TAP and FF (53% and 82%, respectively, using Dl). The heterologous biosensor assay also increased the cross-reactivity of D1 for TAP and FF (56% and 129%, respectively) and of one other antiserum (Gl) to a lesser degree. However, unlike the ELISA, the heterologous biosensor assay produced a substantial reduction in sensitivity (by a factor of 6 for D1). (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)51-57
Number of pages7
JournalAnalytica Chimica Acta
Volume592
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 29 May 2007

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Spectroscopy
  • Environmental Chemistry

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