Six polyclonal antisera to chloramphenicol (CAP) were successfully raised in camels, donkeys and goats. As a comparison of sensitivity, IC50 values ranged from 0.3 ng mL(-1) to 5.5 ng mL(-1) by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) and from 0.7 ng mL(-1) to 1.7 ng mL(-1) by biosensor assay. The introduction of bovine milk extract improved the sensitivity of four of the antisera by ELISA and two by biosensor assay; a reduction in sensitivity of the remaining antisera ranged by a factor of 1.1-2.6. Porcine kidney extract reduced the sensitivity of all the antisera by a factor ranging from 1.1 to 7 by ELISA and a factor of 1.5 to 4 by biosensor. A low cross-reactivity with thiamphenicol (TAP) and florfenicol (FF) was displayed by antiserurn G2 (1.2% and 18%, respectively) when a homologous ELISA assay format was employed. No cross-reactivity was displayed by any of the antisera when a homologous biosensor assay format was employed. Switching to a heterologous ELISA format prompted three of the antisera to display more significant cross-reactivity with TAP and FF (53% and 82%, respectively, using Dl). The heterologous biosensor assay also increased the cross-reactivity of D1 for TAP and FF (56% and 129%, respectively) and of one other antiserum (Gl) to a lesser degree. However, unlike the ELISA, the heterologous biosensor assay produced a substantial reduction in sensitivity (by a factor of 6 for D1). (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Analytical Chemistry
- Environmental Chemistry
Fodey, T., Murilla, G., Cannavan, A., & Elliott, C. (2007). Characterisation of antibodies to chloramphenicol, produced in different species by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay and biosensor technologies. Analytica Chimica Acta, 592(1), 51-57. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aca.2007.04.015