Characterisation of hemp shiv and its effect on the compressive strength of hemp concrete

Ahmed Abdalqader*, Tahreer Fayyad, Mohammed Sonebi, Su Taylor

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution


Hemp concrete is a promising product that has a wide range of properties and diversification. It is a sustainable material, with good thermal and acoustic properties. Being plant-based material, it has also the ability to absorb carbon dioxide, leading to significant reduction in carbon footprint. This paper investigates the role of hemp aggregate by characterising the hemp aggregate and testing the compressive strength of hemp concrete. The characterisation of hemp aggregate included testing its grading, water absorption and bulk density. Factors that affect the mechanical behaviour of hemp concrete were investigated, including water to lime (W/L) ratio, binder to hemp (B/H) ratio, pre-saturation of hemp and degree of compaction. Statistical models were derived to determine the significance of each factor and their interactions. Characterisation of hemp revealed that majority of hemp shiv retained between 1.18 to 3.35 mm sieve. The water absorption of hemp was approximately 300% after 48 h and bulk density was around 95.4 kg/m3. Models suggest that W/L and B/H were the most significant parameters affecting the compressive strength of hemp concrete.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationInternational RILEM Conference on Synergising Expertise towards Sustainability and Robustness of Cement-based Materials and Concrete Structures: SynerCrete’23: Proceedings
EditorsAgnieszka Jędrzejewska, Fragkoulis Kanavaris, Miguel Azenha, Farid Benboudjema, Dirk Schlicke
PublisherSpringer Science and Business Media B.V.
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783031332111
ISBN (Print)9783031332104
Publication statusPublished - 11 Jun 2023

Publication series

NameRILEM Bookseries
ISSN (Print)2211-0844
ISSN (Electronic)2211-0852

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
The authors acknowledge the work done by Khai Sapar in the experiments.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, The Author(s), under exclusive license to Springer Nature Switzerland AG.


  • Bio-based Construction Material
  • Compressive Strength
  • Hemp Concrete
  • Statistical Models
  • Sustainability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials

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