Characterization of a new natural fiber from Arundo donax L. as potential reinforcement of polymer composites

V. Fiore*, T. Scalici, A. Valenza

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

159 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to study the possibility of using of Arundo donax L. fibers as reinforcement in polymer composites. The fibers are extracted from the outer part of the stem of the plant, which widely grows in Mediterranean area and is diffused all around the world. To use these lignocellulosic fibers as reinforcement in polymer composites, it is necessary to investigate their microstructure, chemical composition and mechanical properties. Therefore, the morphology of A. donax L. fibers was investigated through electron microscopy, the thermal behavior through thermogravimetric analysis and the real density through a helium pycnometer. The chemical composition of the natural fibers in terms of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, and ash contents was determinated by using standard test methods. The mechanical characterization was carried out through single fiber tensile tests and a reliability analysis of the experimental data was performed. Furthermore, a mathematical model was applied to investigate the relation between the transverse dimension of the fibers and the mechanical properties.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)77-83
Number of pages7
JournalCarbohydrate Polymers
Volume106
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 15 Jun 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Arundo donax fiber
  • Infrared spectroscopy
  • Mechanical property
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Statistical analysis
  • Thermogravimetric analysis

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Organic Chemistry
  • Polymers and Plastics
  • Materials Chemistry

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