Characterization of tiled architecture for C-band 1-bit beam-steering transmitarray

Dmitry Kozlov, Irina Munina, Pavel Turalchuk, Vitalii Kirillov, Alexey Shitvov, Dmitry Zelenchuk*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

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A new implementation of a beam-steering transmitarray is proposed based on the tiled array architecture. Each pixel of the transmitarray is manufactured as a standalone unit which can be hard-wired for specific transmission characteristics. A set of complementary units, providing reciprocal phase-shifts, can be assembled in a prescribed spatial phase-modulation pattern to perform beam steering and beam forming in a broad spatial range. A compact circuit model of the tiled unit cell is proposed and characterized with full-wave electromagnetic simulations. Waveguide measurements of a prototype unit cell have been carried out. A design example of a tiled 10 × 10-element 1-bit beam-steering transmitarray is presented and its performance benchmarked against the conventional single-panel, i.e., unibody, counterpart. Prototypes of the tiled and single-panel C-band transmitarrays have been fabricated and tested, demonstrating their close performance, good agreement with simulations and a weak effect of fabrication tolerances. The proposed transmitarray antenna configuration has great potential for fifth-generation (5G) communication systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1259
Number of pages13
JournalSensors (Switzerland)
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 10 Feb 2021

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This research was funded by the Russian Science Foundation under Project 17-79-20374 and A.S. was supported by The Royal Society under Grant IE160128 and D.Z. was supported by The Royal Society under Grant IES\R1\191236236. The APC was funded by MDPI.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

Copyright 2021 Elsevier B.V., All rights reserved.


  • Antenna array
  • Antenna measurements
  • Beam pattern
  • Beam steering
  • Equivalent circuit modelling
  • Transmitarray

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Analytical Chemistry
  • Biochemistry
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Instrumentation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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