Characterization of transverse beam emittance of electrons from a laser-plasma wakefield accelerator in the bubble regime using betatron x-ray radiation

S. Kneip*, C. McGuffey, J. L. Martins, M. S. Bloom, V. Chvykov, F. Dollar, R. Fonseca, S. Jolly, G. Kalintchenko, K. Krushelnick, A. Maksimchuk, S. P.D. Mangles, Z. Najmudin, C. A.J. Palmer, K. Ta Phuoc, W. Schumaker, L. O. Silva, J. Vieira, V. Yanovsky, A. G.R. Thomas

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

We propose and use a technique to measure the transverse emittance of a laser-wakefield accelerated beam of relativistic electrons. The technique is based on the simultaneous measurements of the electron beam divergence given by v/v, the measured spectrum γ, and the transverse electron bunch size in the bubble r. The latter is obtained via the measurement of the source size of the x rays emitted by the accelerating electron bunch in the bubble. We measure a normalized rms beam transverse emittance <0.5πmmmrad as an upper limit for a spatially Gaussian, spectrally quasimonoenergetic electron beam with 230 MeV energy in agreement with numerical modeling and analytic theory in the bubble regime. Published by the American Physical Society under the terms of the <uri xlink:href="http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/ ">Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 License. Further distribution of this work must maintain attribution to the author(s) and the published article's title, journal citation, and DOI.

Original languageEnglish
Article number021302
JournalPhysical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 02 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nuclear and High Energy Physics
  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

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    Kneip, S., McGuffey, C., Martins, J. L., Bloom, M. S., Chvykov, V., Dollar, F., Fonseca, R., Jolly, S., Kalintchenko, G., Krushelnick, K., Maksimchuk, A., Mangles, S. P. D., Najmudin, Z., Palmer, C. A. J., Phuoc, K. T., Schumaker, W., Silva, L. O., Vieira, J., Yanovsky, V., & Thomas, A. G. R. (2012). Characterization of transverse beam emittance of electrons from a laser-plasma wakefield accelerator in the bubble regime using betatron x-ray radiation. Physical Review Special Topics - Accelerators and Beams, 15(2), [021302]. https://doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevSTAB.15.021302