Chemical composition and structural characterization of Napier grass fibers

K.O. Reddy, C. Uma Maheswari, M. Shukla, A.V. Rajulu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

130 Citations (Scopus)


Napier grass fibers were analyzed by chemical, FTIR and solid-state 13C NMR methods. These fibers were also treated with 2% and 5% aq. NaOH solutions and the effect of alkali treatment on the composition and structure of the fibers was studied. Alkali treatment eliminated the amorphous hemicellulose component of the fibers to a larger extent. The morphology of the fibers before and after alkali treatment was observed with a scanning electron microscope. The fibers became thin with a rough surface and the cell structure collapsed after alkali treatment and showed enhanced tensile properties. © 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)35-38
Number of pages4
JournalMaterials Letters
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

cited By 27


  • Alkali treatment
  • Cell structure
  • Chemical compositions
  • FTIR
  • Grass fiber
  • NaOH solutions
  • Rough surfaces
  • Scanning Electron Microscope
  • Structural
  • Structural characterization, Biological materials
  • Biomaterials
  • Chemical analysis
  • Composite materials
  • Nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy
  • Scanning electron microscopy
  • Spectroscopy
  • Surface structure, Fibers, Chemical Analysis
  • Composites
  • Nuclear Magnetic Resonance
  • Plant Fibers
  • Scanning Electron Microscopy
  • Surface Structure


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